Anti Aging

Zhang Guoguo/AI and Senior Living

AI and old age life. (Photo/Lin Tong)

Someone asked Dr. Yang Zhenning the secret of his 100-year-old health regimen . Yang Zhenning replied that in addition to his mother’s good genetics, he was moving every day, which made him more sharp-minded and did not lose young people in scientific research. Jane Poe, MD, talks about the effectiveness of walking every day and thinks that walking can stimulate creativity. My personal contribution is not only to move every day, but also to encourage the avatars to talk to the deity’s brainstorming loudly while walking…

1 What is artificial intelligence ?

Many scientific terms are not well understood by laymen, we call it jargon. Most of these clamps are not related to the lives of ordinary people. But from time to time, a small number of scientific terms will penetrate into our everyday language and become a pervasive lever.

Recently, two clamp bars have reached such a special status, one is big data, and the other is AI. Regardless of scholars and experts or marketers, they say that they must be called big data or AI. Moreover, there is a lot of people, and no one can figure out what it means, and the listener is not easy to correct or dare to correct it.

To change one of Lin Yutang’s famous sayings, the popular language changes every year as the length of a woman’s skirt, so it may not be possible to correct it. But since I want to talk about AI and old age life, I must first explain what I mean by AI.

AI is the first letter of the English Artificial Intelligence, so it is the abbreviation of “artificial intelligence”. A while ago, Taiwan’s richest man, Guo Taiming, participated in the Kuomintang’s intra-party primary election, and was scolded badly in the response program. A “communist” called in and scolded Guo Taiming for messing with what AI, which made the working public poorer. If Guo Taiming heard it, he could only laugh.

So, what exactly does AI mean?

When it comes to AI, you have to think of robots playing chess, crazy Siri being your good companion, or self-driving cars, etc. Therefore, some people advocate correcting the name, instead of talking about AI and replacing it with Machine Intelligence, which is “machine intelligence.”

Machine intelligence is indeed more accurate, but how could there be an AI saying? The opposite of “artificial intelligence” is “natural intelligence”, so AI is relative to natural intelligence. Since humans have natural wisdom, the wisdom of machines is artificial intelligence.

Is this correct? Are people born with wisdom?

The answer is obviously “not necessarily!” Some wisdom seems to be innate, such as recognizing human faces, does not require special learning. King Penguins of Antarctica can be identified with each other as long as they live with the big penguins for a short time. But it is not the case to recognize words, especially Chinese. Machines don’t understand words, and people don’t understand them either. They have to learn for a long time.

In most cases, no matter whether it is a human or a machine, you must slowly explore and learn in order to gain wisdom. If natural wisdom is “knowledged by birth”, artificial intelligence is “knowledged by learning” or even “knowledged by sleep.” This kind of wisdom that is slowly acquired step by step is what I mean by broad artificial intelligence.

So not only do machines need artificial intelligence, but also people need artificial intelligence!

Such broad artificial intelligence, I call it “slow wisdom” or “slow wisdom” for short. Such a system, I call it “slow wisdom system” or “slow wisdom system”. The slow-witness system can be composed of humans or machines, and is more likely to be a slow-witted system of human-computer symbiosis.

The ideal slow-smart system for human-computer symbiosis not only increases the artificial intelligence of the machine, but also the artificial intelligence of the human being. The two complement each other. Such a slow-witted system will be of great help to the life of the elderly. This is the topic I want to talk about today.

Let’s take a controversial example of artificial stupidity: now highway tolls are replaced by machines. Not only did the unemployment rate increase, but the toll collectors who were replaced lacked livelihood skills and had to commit crimes, such as robbing banks. Automatic systems sometimes lack flexibility and do not take into account the social costs of automation, causing more social problems, not to mention that information is controlled by others. Is this artificial intelligence or artificial stupidity?

Artificial intelligence not only designs machines to solve human problems, but also includes people slowly changing their minds to become more intelligent people, and working with equally intelligent robots to solve human problems.

2 How did the British die? The problem of indecent old people

How does the British die? What does it have to do with us?

It really doesn’t matter much. We do not care how the British die, just as the British do not care how the Taiwanese die.

But do you know? The vast majority of British people die like this (CNN.COM July 2019):

45.4% died in hospital

Died at home 23.7%

Died at the Sanatorium 22.5%

Other 8.3%

In other words, most Britons died in hospitals, followed by homes, and again by nursing homes. It is not that the British do not want to die at home, but that the big environment is so obliged.

In December 2019, the Associated Press reported that a recent study by American scholars found that the number of Americans who died at home increased from 24% to 31% between 2003 and 2017, while the number of deaths in hospitals decreased from 40% to 20%. It can be seen that people’s ideas are gradually changing.

Because the aging population in the world is increasing, the related phenomenon is that “lonely death” is also increasing. Japan’s solitary death has reached at least three people per hour dying alone, and no one has found it for more than two days. Japanese scholar Ueno Chizuko therefore proposed the concept of “helping the dead” to help the elderly go through the last journey.

The problem of Taiwan’s aging population is related to a decrease in the birth rate. do you know? From January to June 2019, 85,961 people were born in Taiwan, and 88,098 people died during the same period. This is the first time that the number of deaths and the number of newborn babies have crossed, and the population has shown negative growth! (“China Times” August 2019)

According to a 2016 report by the United Daily News Network on “Quick Sand Middle Age”, there are 2.3 million invisible caregivers in Taiwan who have to work while taking care of their parents. This is extremely stressful. In 2012, an Austrian film Amour (“Love Mu”), which won the Oscar for Best Foreign Language Film, stated that under the pressure of a lover’s dementia, her husband had to kill his wife and commit suicide by gas. What is true love must have different interpretations.

Japanese scholar Takada Fujita put forward the concept of “inferior elderly”, that is, poor and lonely elderly. (The above explanations about lonely death, middle-aged middle-aged people and low-end elderly people are quoted from the Blackjack article in the United Daily News blog)

Who will take care of the elderly? We can’t think of robots. The robot will not lose its temper, be patient, and will not abuse the elderly. The robot designed for the elderly must be a human-machine symbiotic slow intelligence system. Not only the artificial intelligence of the machine is constantly growing, but also the artificial intelligence of the human being. The slow intelligence system will greatly help the life of the elderly, maybe Helps to reduce the problems of solitary death, middle-aged sand and middle-aged elderly.

3 Why do you need a slow intelligence system?

Slow wisdom system is a new technology for designing complex information systems, and it also conforms to certain philosophical and theological principles. Complex information systems have some common features: it is a connected system, it obtains information from many sources, it has a knowledge base, it can be personalized, it is a system of human-machine symbiosis, and it is also a huge system.

A French scientist, also the theologian De Rijin, predicted in his famous book “The Phenomenon of Man” the huge connected system of the future. Derijin believes that all intelligent creatures are related to each other and connected into a whole. He calls it the energy world, which is composed of the earth, human and heaven.

Complex information systems obtain information from many sources. We see the network formed by modern sensors, it is such a complex information system. The current social network is another complex information system. And we can think of people in social networks as sensors. Japanese scientists have done research, and if people are used as sensors, they can send out earthquake warning signals in advance. Not only that, but also the instincts of animals. In the Taipei earthquake on August 8, 2019, a photo was circulated online. Eight cats raised by a Taipei resident knew 10 seconds before the earthquake that they all looked up like searchlights.

The knowledge base can be designed to manage complex early warning systems. This will not cause irreparable serious consequences due to human error. The current object network can connect and manage a large number of objects, which is powerful. The so-called hybrid intelligence system is a system of human-machine symbiosis. Google is a good example. Google has tens of millions of users and uses tens of thousands of search engines at the same time, making it a huge system.

These common characteristics of the complex information system indicate that it is a huge system that does not change, and each system includes many secondary systems (super packages). Each super package is opened again as a system. Just like epiphyllum leaves growing on the ground, another plant is a good example. Between these bags, sometimes resonate. This is the resonance phenomenon described by Master Weiner, the originator of manipulative science.

How to design such a complex information system? Perhaps the new technology of the slow intelligence system can provide some answers.

4 What is a slow intelligence system?

Slow Intelligence system is a general system that can continuously improve its performance.

The slow-witted system will first try different ways to solve the problem, and second, it will gradually recognize its own environment and adjust accordingly, and share this knowledge with other systems. Third, it may not perform well at the beginning, but with the It will progress gradually over time.

The way to solve the problem of slow intelligence system is nothing more than the following steps: exhaustion, dissemination, adaptation, elimination, concentration. In addition to these five steps, the most important thing is that the slow intelligence system usually has multiple calculation cycles, including slow and fast cycles. We can use artificial neural networks to practice slow intelligence systems. Therefore, we may consider the slow intelligence system as a kind of generalized artificial intelligence system.

The following is an example of the Slow Intelligence System: Adaptable Medical Care System. Adjustable medical care system distinguishes three types of space: nursing robot (large space), personal living area (medium space), wearable device (small space). The adjustable medical care system distinguishes three types of time: long-term care (long time), short-term care (medium time), and emergency care (short time).

The adaptive medical care test system developed by my R&D team uses a Samsung smartphone. The sensors include brain wave detector, voice input, and image input. All software packages are written in the Android programming language, the purpose is to help users maintain a calm mood. The test system can already run on Samsung smartphones without hindrance.

5 First-hand experience of Slow Intelligence

Let me start with my own experience. I have had ankylosing arthritis since childhood, this is a blood-borne disease, because spondylitis causes spinal calcification. When I was young, people often praised me and said: “Zhang Xieguo is very upright.” Of course I am right, but they mainly say that I always straighten my spine, but I don’t know that I have calcification problems.

Because of the calcification of the spine, the doctor had warned me not to wrestle or do vigorous exercise to avoid fatal injuries. In 2013, I experienced a small car accident. A drunk driver drove into my car from behind. My spine broke, but fortunately it didn’t completely break.

At first the doctor fixed my head with a steel frame, hoping that the broken spine could be repaired slowly. I became a Frankenstein, very painful, unable to sleep at night. But after a week, the doctor observed that my spine was not well maintained, but it was more curved and deformed. If you continue this way, you will never be able to stand still.

This doctor, surnamed Li, is Korean, young but very confident, his wife is Chinese. Dr. Li suggested that I have surgery and implant a titanium alloy frame to prop up the spine. He told me frankly that there is a 0.7% chance that the operation may fail and I will be paralyzed. But Dr. Li said that he has not failed until now. I considered one night and decided to operate.

As a result, the operation was successful and I was soon discharged. On the day of discharge, my friend who took me out of the hospital took me straight to the small restaurant where I met every day, and immediately called a basket of dumplings. Unexpectedly, when we met Dr. Li and his family in the noodle shop, we laughed relatively.

But my spine still has pain every day and it is not easy to walk. Even more annoying is that the drunk who hit me, although covered by insurance, is the most risky insurance. The insurance company fights Tai Chi with me and refuses to pay anything. I had to install a chair lift at my own expense so that I could work in the study on the second floor. The other is to find a lawyer to sue the other party. This lawyer is not bad. He has been entangled with the insurance company of the other party for half a year. If I rely on myself, I am afraid I won’t get a dime!

Although I often go to the hospital for rehabilitation, the rehabilitation department of the hospital is very crowded, and it is not convenient to drive by myself. The rehabilitation does not have much effect. How to do? I remembered that Dr. Li told me to walk more, so I set a goal for myself. Every day I had to take 10,000 steps anyway. Walking is a very gentle exercise. The advantage is that everyone can do it. Persevere in this way, one month or two months, my condition has greatly improved. It has been six years now, and my spine is basically painless, but I still insist on moving every day.

Someone asked Dr. Yang Zhenning the secret of his 100-year-old health regimen. Yang Zhenning replied that in addition to his mother’s good genetics, he was moving every day, which made him more sharp-minded and did not lose young people in scientific research. Jane Poe, MD, talks about the effectiveness of walking every day and thinks that walking can inspire creativity. My personal contribution is not only to move every day, but also to encourage the avatars to talk loudly with the deity while walking.

In order to prevent Alzheimer’s disease, neuroscientist Amen advocates Sanbao (Sanbao): walking every day, listening to music, and taking medicine to strengthen the brain. To keep your mood happy, you may wish to think about the happy time with your loved ones when you walk, because love inspires people. In fact, love and hate are exciting, so if no one is cute, as long as someone hates, the same effect can be achieved.

Another experience (that is, wisdom) is that everything must depend on itself. I know that no one can help me with my illness, and I don’t want to depend on others, so I practice doing everything by myself, insisting on doing it myself from cleaning the floor to cooking. In the past, Lu Xun had two poems:

Thousand pointing fingers, head bowed as a willing ox

I changed four words:

Hengmei Leng pointed at the boss, bowing his head to be his own cow

We are so proud that we refuse to bow our heads to serve ourselves, and we always rely on others to do it. In my imagination, I can divide myself into two, and the same person is both the Lord and the servant. I can first become a chef to prepare meals, then become a master to enjoy the meals prepared by the chef, and then become a servant to clean up the food. It is better to use your own avatar to be your own deity than to hire someone to do it, or to rely on your family to do it.

There are also many things that cannot be completely dependent on the machine. For example, I installed a lift chair on the stairs, but I did not expect that the inside of the lift chair could not be cleaned with any machinery. Only by yourself, slowly wipe with a rag. But once you accept the concept of “holding your head to be your own cow,” and seeing these as a kind of exercise, it is not only difficult but also good for your health.

My example seems to have nothing to do with artificial intelligence, in fact it has a lot to do with it. Because I keep learning how to adapt to the limitations of my body. The machine I use, whether it is a high-tech or low-tech machine, also has to adapt to the limitations of my body. This is true artificial intelligence!

6 Conclusion

As mentioned earlier, I conclude: Artificial intelligence not only designs machines to solve human problems, but also includes people slowly changing their ideas and becoming smarter people, working with machines to solve human problems. This view is particularly important for improving the lives of the elderly, because our focus is on people, not machines. But from another point of view, the wisdom of the elderly workers such as Slow Intelligence System and Slow Intelligence Robot brings unlimited business opportunities!

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